Patroclus is burned on a pyre , his bones are collected into a golden urn in two layers of fat; the barrow is built on the location of the pyre.
Denmark (national anthem)
Achilles sponsors funeral games, consisting of a chariot race, wrestling, running, a duel between two champions to the first blood, discus throwing and spear throwing. Beowulf's body is taken to Hronesness. During cremation , the Geats lament the death of their lord, a widow's lament being mentioned in particular, singing dirges as they circumambulate the barrow.
Afterwards, a mound is built on top of a hill, overlooking the sea, filled with treasure. A band of twelve of the best warriors ride around the barrow, singing dirges in praise of their lord.
Der Er Et Yndigt Land (Danish National Anthem) (Piano, Vocal & Guitar (Right-Hand Melody))
Parallels have been drawn to the account of Attila's burial in Jordanes ' Getica. Jordanes tells that as Attila's body was lying in state, the best horsemen of the Huns circled it, as in circus games.
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An Old Irish Life of Columcille reports that every funeral procession "halted at a mound called Eala, whereupon the corpse was laid, the mourners marched thrice solemnly round the spot. Archaeologists classify tumuli according to their location and date of construction. Some British types are listed below: Bank barrow Bell barrow Bowl barrow D-shaped barrow — round barrow with a purposely flat edge at one side defined by stone slabs.
Disc barrow Fancy barrow — generic term for any Bronze Age barrows more elaborate than a simple hemispherical shape. Long barrow Oval barrow — a Neolithic long barrow consisting of an elliptical, rather than rectangular or trapezoidal mound. Platform barrow — The least common of the recognised types of round barrow, consisting of a flat, wide circular mound that may be surrounded by a ditch, they occur across southern England with a marked concentration in East and West Sussex. Pond barrow — a barrow consisting of a shallow circular depression, surrounded by a bank running around the rim of the depression, from the Bronze Age.
Der er et yndigt land
Ring barrow — a bank that encircles a number of burials. Round barrow — a circular feature created by the Bronze Age peoples of Britain and the Romans and Saxons. Divided into subclasses such as saucer and bell barrow—the Six Hills are a rare Roman example. Saucer barrow — a circular Bronze Age barrow that features a low, wide mound surrounded by a ditch that may have an external bank. Square barrow — burial site of Iron Age date, consisting of a small, ditched enclosure surrounding a central burial, which may have been covered by a mound.
In , the first long barrow in thousands of years, inspired by those built in the Neolithic Period , was built near All Cannings in England; the project was steward of Stonehenge. The barrow was designed to have a large number of private niches within the stone and earth structure to receive cremation urns; the structure received significant media attention, with national press writing extensively about the revival of the structures, various episodes of filming, for example by BBC Countryfile as it was being built.
It was subscribed within eighteen months; this was followed soon after by a new barrow near St Neots. Further plans to revive barrows are at Soulton in Shropshire. Other important kurgans are found in Ukraine and South Russia and are associated with much more ancient steppe peoples, notably the Scythians and early Indo-Europeans The steppe cultures found in Ukraine and South Russia continue into Central Asia , in particular Kazakhstan.
Salweyn in northern Somalia contains a large field of cairns , which stretches for a distance of around 8 km. Tumuli are one of the most prominent types of prehistoric monuments spread throughout northern and southern Albania. Man from Kupres- the skeleton found.
Carl Nielsen Carl August Nielsen was a Danish musician and violinist recognized as his country's most prominent composer. Brought up by poor yet musically talented parents on the island of Funen , he demonstrated his musical abilities at an early age, he played in a military band before attending the Royal Danish Academy of Music in Copenhagen from until December He premiered his Op. The following year, Nielsen began a year stint as a second violinist in the Royal Danish Orchestra under the conductor Johan Svendsen , during which he played in Giuseppe Verdi's Falstaff and Otello at their Danish premieres.
In , he took a post teaching at the Royal Danish Academy and continued to work there until his death. Although his symphonies and choral music are now internationally acclaimed, Nielsen's career and personal life were marked by many difficulties reflected in his music; the works he composed between and are sometimes ascribed to his "psychological" period, resulting from a turbulent marriage with the sculptor Anne Marie Brodersen. Nielsen is noted for his six symphonies, his Wind Quintet and his concertos for violin and clarinet. In Denmark, his opera Maskarade and many of his songs have become an integral part of the national heritage, his early music was inspired by composers such as Brahms and Grieg , but he soon developed his own style, first experimenting with progressive tonality and diverging more radically from the standards of composition still common at the time.
Nielsen's sixth and final symphony, Sinfonia semplice, was written in —25, he died from a heart attack six years and is buried in Vestre Cemetery , Copenhagen. Nielsen maintained the reputation of a musical outsider during his lifetime, both in his own country and internationally, it was only that his works entered the international repertoire, accelerating in popularity from the s through Leonard Bernstein and others.
In Denmark, Nielsen's reputation was sealed in when three of his compositions were listed by the Ministry of Culture amongst the twelve greatest pieces of Danish music. For many years, he appeared on the Danish hundred-kroner banknote. The Carl Nielsen Museum in Odense documents that of his wife.
Between and the Royal Danish Library , sponsored by the Danish government, completed the Carl Nielsen Edition available online, containing background information and sheet music for all of Nielsen's works, many of which had not been published. Nielsen described his childhood in his autobiography Min Fynske Barndom, his mother, whom he recalls singing folk songs during his childhood, came from a well-to-do family of sea captains while one of his half-uncles, Hans Andersen , was a talented musician.
Nielsen gave an account of his introduction to music: "I had heard music before, heard father play the violin and cornet, heard mother singing, when in bed with the measles , I had tried myself out on the little violin". He had received the instrument from his mother. He learned the violin and piano as a child and wrote his earliest compositions at the age of eight or nine: a lullaby, now lost, a polka which the composer mentioned in his autobiography; as his parents did not believe he had any future as a musician, they apprenticed him to a shopkeeper from a nearby village when he was fourteen.
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After learning to play brass instruments, on 1 November he became a bugler and alto trombonist in the band of the army's 16th Battalion at nearby Odense. In , Nielsen began to take his violin playing more studying under Carl Larsen , the sexton at Odense Cathedral.
« Danish Anthem Der er and yndigt land (It\'s a lovely country) » score for Violin
It is not known how much Nielsen composed during this period, but from his autobiography, it can be deduced that he wrote some trios and quartets for brass instruments, that he had difficulty in coming to terms with the fact that brass instruments were tuned in different keys. Following an introduction to Niels W. Gade , the director of the Royal Academy in Copenhagen , by whom he was well received, Nielsen obtained his release from the military band at short notice, studied at the Academy from the beginning of Though not an outstanding student and composing little, Nielsen progressed well in violin under Valdemar Tofte , received a solid grounding in music theory from Orla Rosenhoff , who would remain a valued adviser during his early years as a professional composer, he studied composition under Gade, whom he liked as a friend but not for his music.
Contacts with fellow students and cultured families in Copenhagen, some of whom would become lifelong friends, became important; the patchy education resulting from his country background left Nielsen insatiably curious about the arts and aesthetics. But, in the opinion of the musicologist David Fanning , it left him "with a pe. La Marseillaise " La Marseillaise " is the national anthem of France.
The song acquired its nickname after being sung in Paris by volunteers from Marseille marching to the capital; the song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music; as the French Revolution continued, the monarchies of Europe became concerned that revolutionary fervor would spread to their countries. The War of the First Coalition was an effort to stop the revolution, or at least contain it to France; the French army did not distinguish itself, Coalition armies invaded France.
A plaque on the building on Place Broglie where De Dietrich's house once stood commemorates the event. De Dietrich was executed the next year during the Reign of Terror ; the melody soon became the rallying call to the French Revolution and was adopted as "La Marseillaise" after the melody was first sung on the streets by volunteers from Marseille by the end of May. Strasbourg itself was attacked just a few days later. The invading forces were repulsed from France following their defeat in the Battle of Valmy ; as the vast majority of Alsatians did not speak French, a German version was published in October in Colmar.
During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, "La Marseillaise" was recognised as the anthem of the international revolutionary movement. Eight years in , it was restored as France's national anthem, has remained so since. Several musical antecedents have been cited for the melody: Mozart's Allegro maestoso of Piano Concerto No. Rouget de Lisle. Only the first verse and the first chorus are sung today in France. There are some slight historical variations in the lyrics of the song; these verses were omitted from the national anthem. Franz Liszt wrote a piano transcription of the anthem.
During the French Revolution , Giuseppe Cambini published Patriotic Airs for Two Violins, in which the song is quoted and as a variation theme, with other patriotic songs. Gioachino Rossini quotes "La Marseillaise" in his opera, L'italiana in Algeri , during the choral introduction to Isabella's 2nd act aria "Pensa alla patria" and in the second act of his opera Semiramide.
Robert Schumann used part of "La Marseillaise" for "Die beiden Grenadiere", his setting of Heinrich Heine's poem "Die Grenadiere"; the quotation appears at the end of the song. Schumann incorporated "La Marseillaise" as a major motif in his overture Hermann und Dorothea, inspired by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , quotes it, in waltz rhythm, in the first movement of Faschingsschwank aus Wien , for solo piano. Love the Lord. Brewster, Lincoln. Hans Ernst Kroyer. Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlager. Musicnotes, Inc. View All. Musicnotes Pro Send a Gift Card.
Toggle navigation. Save on Every Order! Musicnotes Pro. Become a Member Today! Add to Cart. Includes digital copy and unlimited prints. Transpose 0. No transpositions available. Quick Details. Musicians Like You Also Purchased. It is used at more formal occasions, often involving the royal family. The lyrics honour the feats of old war heroes. Denmark also has a national bird. In fact, the bird was democratically elected. Until the lark was considered the national bird. Some experts had decided this.
However, the TV channel DR arranged a vote amongst its viewers. Thousands of viewers cast their votes and it turned out the swan won a resounding victory. The people had spoken.